Dengue is a mosquito-borne illness, that can cause symptoms such as muscle pain, headache, fever and rash, this virus is related to the viruses that can cause west Nile infection and yellow fever. This fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with this disease virus , the mosquito became infected when it bites a person with this disease virus in their blood , it can spread directly from a person to the another person.
This disease is prevalent throughout the tropics and subtropics, this disease fever is caused by the virus and there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it, for a typical dengue fever the treatment is mainly towards relieving symptoms (symptomatic treatment). Prevention of This disease fever requires control or eradication of mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes this disease.
Symptoms of dengue fever:
Symptoms usually begin on the sixth day after infection and last for up to 10 days may include:
- Sudden, high fever
- Severe headache
- Pain behind the eye
- Severe joints and muscle pain
- Skin rashes
- Mild bleeding from nose
Sometimes symptoms are mild and can be mistaken by the flu or other viral infection younger children and the people have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults.
However serious problems may develop they are dengue hemorrhagic fever , It is a rare complication characterized by high fever damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from nose and gums , enlargement of the liver and the failure of the circulatory system , these symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome.
People with the weak immune system as well those with a second or subsequent this infection are believed to be a greater risk of developing this disease hemorrhagic fever.
Diagnosing dengue fever:
Doctors can diagnose this disease with a blood test to check for the virus or the antibodies for it. If you became sick after traveling to a tropical area, let your doctor know. This will allow your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by the infection.
Treatment for dengue:
There is no specific treatment for the infection. If you think you may have this disease you should use pain relievers along with the acetaminophen* and avoid medicines with aspirin* which could worsen bleeding. You should also take rest, drink plenty of water and fluids and see your doctor .if you feel worse in the first 24hrs and after the fever goes down, you should get to the hospital immediately to be checked for the complication.
Prevention of dengue:
There is no vaccine to prevent this disease fever ,the best way to prevent the disease is to prevent bites by the infected mosquitos particularly if you are living in or traveling to a tropical area this involves protecting yourself and making effort to keep the mosquito population down.
To protect yourself:
Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible.
Use mosquito repellants, even indoors.
When outdoors wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.
When outdoor, use air conditioning if possible.
Make sure window and door screens are secure and free of holes. If sleeping areas are not screened or air-conditioned use mosquito nets.
If you symptoms to this disease speak to your doctor.
To reduce the mosquito population, get rid of places mosquitos can breed. These include old tires, cans, or flower pots that contain rain water
If someone in your home has this disease fever be especially vigilant about efforts to protect yourself and other members from mosquitoes.