Dermatitis: Types, symptoms, causes, treatment.

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The word Dermatitis and eczema is used interchangeably. This disease is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin. This disease can have many causes and occurs in many forms. It usually involves an itchy rash on swollen, redden skin.Skin affected by this disease may blister, ooze, develop a crust or flake off examples of this disease include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and rashes caused by the contact with any of a number of substances such as poison, soaps, jewelry with nickel in it.

This disease is a common condition that’s not a life threatening .even , so it will you uncomfortable and self-conscious, combination of self-care and the medication can you help to treat This disease

*Acute eczema refers to a rapidly evolving red rash which may be swollen.

*chronic (long term) eczema refers to long irritable area .it is darker than the surrounding skin, thickened and stretched.

Types of dermatitis:

  • Atopic Dermatitis: it is a particularly prevalent in children, inherited factors seem important, as their previously of family history of this disease. Eczema is a chronic and most common form of Dermatitis.

Generally, it occurs in people who have an “atopic tendency”, this means they may develop any or all of three closely linked condition: atopic eczema, asthma, hay fever. A family history of asthma, eczema, and a hay fever is particularly used in diagnosing atopic eczema in infants.

Atopic eczema is due to the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, there is quite a variation of the appearance of atopic eczema between individuals, the skin is dry and thickened and itchy areas.

 

  • Irritant contact Dermatitis: it occurred due to the handling of water, solvents , detergents. An irritant contact dermatitis is a form of contact Dermatitis, in which the skin injured by the friction, environmental factors. Such as cold, over-exposure to water or chemicals such as acids, alkali, detergents, and solvents. The severity of This disease is highly variable and depends on many factors including:

*Amount and strength of the irritant

*Length and frequency of exposure

*Skin susceptibility

*Environmental factors (high and low temperature and humidity

 

  • Hand dermatitis: it is a common group of acute and chronic disorder that affects the several areas of the hand. It is also called as hand eczema. This disease is common (especially in young adult females) and accounts for 20-30% of all of this disease. It may occur at any age including during childhood. It is a particularly prevalent in people with a history of atopic eczema.

Hand Dermatitis is a particularly common in industries involving cleaning, catering, metalwork, hairdressing, healthcare, painting, and mechanical work. This is mainly due to the contact with irritants but specific contact allergies can contribute.

Dermatitis symptoms:

Each type of this disease may look a little different and may tend to occur on different parts of your body. The main symptoms of this disease include:

Itchy rash is the most commonly occurs where the skin flexes inside the elbow, behind the knees and the front of the neck. When scratched, the rash can leak fluid and crust over, scaly patches, red skin, and stubborn dandruff. It usually affects oily areas of the body such as the face, upper chest.

most common Causes of dermatitis:

Allergies and genetic factors and irritants can cause different types of this disease:

Atopic dermatitis: this form of Dermatitis is likely related to a mix of factors including dry skin, gene variation, and immune system dysfunction, bacteria on the skin, and environmental conditions.

Contact Dermatitis: this condition results from direct contact with one of many irritants or allergens –such as poison jewelry containing nickel, cleaning products, perfumes, cosmetics, and even preservatives in many creams and lotions.

How to treat Dermatitis:

An important aspect of treatment is to identify the contributing factors;

Bathing: Reduce how you bath or shower, using lukewarm water. Replace standard soap with a substitute such as a mild detergent using soap free cleanser.

Clothing: wear soft smooth cool clothes, wool is to be avoided.

Irritants: protect your skin from dust, water, solvents, detergents, injury.

Emollients: applying an emollient particularly after bathing and when itchy

Topical steroids: apply a topical steroids cream or ointments to the itchy patches for a 5-15day course. Sometimes two or more topical steroids will be supplied

Pimecrolimus cream is a new anti-inflammatory cream show to be very effective for atopic Dermatitis.

Antibiotics: antibiotics will be recommended such as flucloxacillin* or erythromycin .the infection is most with staphylococcus aureus

Anti-histamines tablets may help reduce the irritation and are particularly useful at night.

Other treatments: systemic steroids, methotrexate*, azothiopurine*, ciclosporin*,mycophenolate*, phototherapy.

Long-term control: This disease is often long term problem. When you notice your skin getting dry, moisturize your skin again and carefully avoid the use of soap.

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