Diazepam: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects

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Diazepam belongs to benzodiazepines, it is mainly used to treat anxiety disorder, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and muscle spasms. Sometimes it is also used to treat seizures.

Information about diazepam:

It is not to be used in the patients were allergic to this drug or if you have myasthenia gravis, several liver disorders, severe breathing problems, and sleep disorders. Do not start or stop taking this drug during pregnancy, it can harm the unborn baby, diazepam may be habit-forming. Misuse can cause addiction, overdose, and death.

Dosage pattern of diazepam:

Anxiety

It is about 2-10mg to be taken orally for 2-4times a day.

IM or IV: it is about 2-5mg for one dose may repeat in 3-4hrs, if necessary

Alcohol withdrawal:

It is about 10mg to be taken orally for 3-4times  a day, then 5-4 times a day as needed

IM or IV: it is about 5-10mg for 1 time. May repeat in 3-4hrs if necessary

Muscle spasm:

It is about 2-10mg to be taken orally for 2-4times a day.

IM or IV: it is about 5-10mg for 1 time. May repeat in 3-4hrs if necessary

Seizures:

It is about 2-10mg to be taken orally for 2-4times a day

Rectal gel: it is about 0.2mg/kg in a unit dose

Pediatric dose:

Seizures:

6months old: it is not to be used  because it contains benzoic acid

2-5yrs: 0.5mg/kg in a unit dose

6-11yrs: 0.3mg/kg in a unit dose

12yrs: o.2mg in a unit dose

Anxiety:

1-12yrs: 0.12-0.8mg to be taken orally in divided doses

IM: 0.04-0.3mg/kg for every 2-4hrs as needed.

Diazepam overdose:

Symptoms

  • Changes in consciousness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Loss of strength
  • Muscle pain
  • Sleepiness

 Diazepam Side effects:

Severity: major

  • Shakiness
  • Unsteady walk
  • Trembling
  • Muscle coordination failed
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Cough
  • Dark urine
  • Discouragement
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Feeling sad or empty

Severity: minor

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Double vision
  • Dry mouth
  • Indigestion
  • Sensation of spinning   Diazepam: brand names, price list

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