Diverticulitis disease is a common condition. generally diverticulitis disease occurs when a person has a problem with small pouches or sacs that are formed and pushed out through the weak spots in the colon, each pouch is a diverticuliticula, and multiple pouches are called diverticulitis disease.The colon is a part of the large intestine, the large intestine absorbs water from the stools and changes it from a liquid to solid form. The main problem with this disease is diverticulitis bleeding, while this disease occurs when diverticula became inflamed or irritated and swollen. Diverticulitis bleeding occurs when a small blood vessel within the wall of a diverticulitis.
Diverticulitis disease Types:
Diverticulitis is bulging of a tissue from the walls of the intestines, most commonly in the colon. The main reason for this disease is unknown, but may be the chances of pressure within the walls of the intestine. This pressure is due to the low-fiber diet and lack of exercise, this condition results in bleeding when the small blood vessel in diverticulitis ruptures.
Diverticulitis is due to the diverticula caused by the diverticulitis, this infection is usually Treated by antibiotics
Fistulas are the connection between the two organs or between two organs or between the organ and the skin, therefore, the fistula may develop between the colon and the nearby organs such as the bladder, small intestine, and skin.
Most of the people with this disease have few or no symptoms, but the main symptoms include
- Abdominal pain
- Chills and fever
- Nausea (vomiting sensation) or vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Rectal bleeding (bleeding at rectal area)
The cause of this disease is still unknown, but eating a diet that is having low fiber causes this disease, eating fiber help stool to stay soft, which them easier to pass. Doctors believed that high pressure due to constipation can lead to the development of this disease.
Some people reported that eating foods with nuts, seeds, raspberries, tomatoes can observe decreasing in this disease. You should add the adequate amount of fiber in the food. women should eat at least 21-25 grams of fiber per day. Men’s should consume 30-38 grams of fiber each day.
Add more fiber fruits like
- Collard greens
- Black beans
- Sweet potatoes
- Whole grains
Doctor will have start diagnosing by talking with the patient about symptoms that you’re experiencing and medical history. Doctor will also perform the physical test. Checking for any pain in the abdomen. A blood test is also necessary to find out if your white blood cell count is higher than normal, which would indicate infection.
Depending on the severity, the doctor might suggest that you treat yourself at home or recommend that you stay in the hospital
Treatment at home:
*A liquid diet
*prescription of antibiotics
Treatment at hospital:
In this case, the severity may like blockage of bowels, the sacs filled with pus while in the hospital you will receive an intravenous antibiotic.
If the disease is not responding to the antibiotics, so that doctor will proceed with removing the part of your intestine where the infection located.