Hepatitis ABC: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

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It is an inflammatory condition of the liver, commonly caused due to viral infection, there many possible causes for this disease, they include autoimmune (self –harming) hepatitis and this disease occur due to the use of medication , drugs, alcohol and toxins . Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease condition occurs when the body produces antibiotics against your liver tissue.

Hepatitis abc

Hepatitis ABC, these are the group of viral infections which affect the liver, The liver is located on the right side of your abdomen and It performs critical functions which affect metabolism in your body including :

*production of bile that is very important to digestion of food.

*filtering of toxins from the body

*carbohydrates metabolism

  • enzyme activation, which are essential for metabolic functions

*glycogen storage, minerals, vitamins

*plasma protein synthesis such as albumin

  • clotting factor synthesis

*produces 80% of body cholesterol

*decomposition of red blood cells

*The production of hormones

Types of hepatitis:

The scientist has identified five types of hepatitis, they are hepatitis ABC,D and E. they will all cause liver disease.

Hepatitis A is present in a faeces of the person with infection and  it is usually transmitted through drinking of hepatitis contaminated water, food , and certain sex practices. HAV infections can also be serve and life threatening. Most of the people in certain areas of the world are affected by this disease due to poor sanitation. Many vaccines are available to treat Hepatitis.

The hepatitis B virus can be transmitted through the exposure to infective blood, body fluids and It can be transmitted from mother to child at the time of birth .transmission is also due to blood transfusion of HBV-contaminated blood products, infection containing injections, while medical procedures, hepatitis also poses a risk to the healthcare worker who deal with accidental needle stick injuries while taking care of HBV-Infected patients. Many vaccines can treat HBV virus infection.

The Hepatitis C is mostly transmitted through exposure of infection containing blood, this may happen while transfusion of HCV-contaminated blood, contaminated injections while medical procedures. sexual transmission is also possible, but much less, there is no vaccine for this type of virus.

Hepatitis D virus infection occurs in those patients who are infected with HBV. Presence of these two infections HDV and HBV can make condition worse. Hepatitis B vaccine gives protection from HDV infection.

Hepatitis E virus is usually transmitted by the consumption of contaminated water. This is very common in developing parts of the world. And this increasingly recognized as an important cause of disease in developed countries. There are Many effective vaccines to treat HEV have been developed.

Hepatitis Symptoms:

Many people with this disease experience either mild symptoms or none at all, the infected person faces are always infected to another person.Symptoms may not occur until the liver gets damaged,  symptoms of acute hepatitis have observed very quickly, they include:

Flu-like symptomsFatigue
Dark urine
Abdominal pain
Pale stool
weight loss
Skin and eyes became yellow , signs of jaundice
Loss of appetite
Since chronic Hepatitis slowly develops, the signs and symptoms are less to notice.

As the patient get worse these symptoms may be seen:

Circulating problems(only toxic-drug induced hepatitis)
Dark urine
dizziness(only toxic-drug induced hepatitis)
enlarged spleen(only toxic-drug induced hepatitis)
a headache(only toxic-drug induced hepatitis)
itchy skin
drowsiness(only toxic-drug induced hepatitis)
yellow skin, white eyes ,tongue
light colored feces and it contains pus
Hepatitis Causes:

Causes of non -viral hepatitis:

Alcohol :

This disease is mainly caused due to the liver damage due to excess consumption of alcohol, sometimes called as alcoholic hepatitis, and it causes the liver to swell. Other toxic causes include high doses of medicine or exposure to the poisons.

Autoimmune hepatitis:

The immune system mistakenly begin to attack the liver, decrease liver function. Hepatitis ABC, these are the group of viral infections which affect the liver

Causes of viral hepatitis:

Hepatitis A.

It is usually getting when you eat something that contains a virus in it. It is not the risky type because it almost always gets better on its own. It does not lead to long-term inflammation in the liver.

Hepatitis B.

It can be spread in different ways. You can get through sex with someone who is sick of this disease or by sharing needle when using any of the drugs. The virus can also pass from a mother to a newborn child at birth or soon.

Most of the adults with hepatitis B infection can get better, a small percentage can’t shake the disease and become carriers, which means they can spread the disease to others even when their own symptoms having disappeared.

Hepatitis C.

You can get this type of hepatitis if you have contact with the contaminated blood and needles used to inject an illegal drug.

The symptoms sometimes don’t even observed, or just milder symptoms. Sometimes hepatitis C leads to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver).

Hepatitis D

It occurs only if the patient already infected with the hepatitis B. It can make that disease more worse.

It can spread from mother to child and by the sexual contact too.

Hepatitis E,

It mainly spreads in India, Mexico, Asia, and Africa. The few cases filed in the U.S. are usually in people who return from a country where there the disease is active.

Hepatitis Diagnosis:

During the physical test, the doctor will press gently on your abdomen to see if there is pain, doctor should also feel the liver gets enlarged, there are certain tests will diagnose the infection and symptoms are as follows:

Liver biopsy:

A small liver tissue is taken from the liver and it is tested for any complications in that , this test determine if there is an any infection, inflammation is present or if the liver getting damage. Hepatitis ABC, these are the group of viral infections which affect the liver

Liver function test:

The blood samples are used to determine, the functioning of the liver. These tests will also check how the liver removes the waste proteins and enzymes in the body. Hepatitis ABC, these are the group of viral infections which affect the liver

Ultrasound scan:

This test will reveal the fluid in the abdomen. Hepatitis ABC, these are the group of viral infections which affect the liver

Blood test:

These tests are used to detect the presence of virus in the blood, It will indicate virus in the blood.

Hepatitis ABC Treatment:

Treatments are based on which type of hepatitis you have and the infection is acute or chronic:

Hepatitis A is not needed any treatment, best rest is advised if the symptoms cause any discomfort, if a patient experience vomiting and diarrhea, you will have the special diet as the doctor prescribed to prevented malnutrition or dehydration. Vaccination can prevent this disease an infection by helping in the production of antibodies against the virus. Most of the children receive vaccination between the ages of 12-18 months.

Acute hepatitis does not need a treatment, chronic hepatitis is treated with medication, and this form of medication is very costly because it has to be several months. Treatment of chronic hepatitis B requires regular evaluation and monitoring to determine if the virus is progressing, the vaccination also advised for all healthcare and medical persons.

Antiviral medication is used to treat both acute and chronic infection. People with the chronic hepatitis C will give with a combination of the antiviral drug, they also needed further testing to give best form of treatment.

Hepatitis D

It is treated with a medicine called alpha interferon, based on this public health agency of Canada, between 60-70% of people can develop, the hepatitis D again after treatment.

The hepatitis E there is currently no medication for the treatment of hepatitis E because it may resolve its own people with this type of infection are advised to get enough rest and drink more fluids, get required nutrients and avoid alcohol. Hepatitis ABC can be treated, there is research is going on it.

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