Metoprolol (Lopressor): Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

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Metoprolol is a beta-blocker that affects the blood circulation in the heart. It is mainly used to treat angina and hypertension. It is also used to treat the heart attack.

Information about metoprolol:

It is not to be used is the patient have the serious heart problem, sinus syndrome, slow heart rate, severe circulation problem. This drug can cause fainting. It can be used as the exactly how the doctor has prescribed, directions written on the prescription label should be followed by the patient. It is not to be used in small or large doses and also no longer than prescribed.

Dosage pattern of metoprolol:

Adult dose

Hypertension:

Initial dose: it is about 100mg to be taken orally per day in single or divided doses

Maintenance dose: it is about 100-450 mg to be taken orally per day

Angina pectoris:

Initial dose: it is about 50mg to be taken orally twice a day

Maintenance dose: it is about 100-400mg per day

Myocardial infarction:

Initial dose: it is about 5mg IV for every 2min

Late treatment:

Maintenance dose: it is about 100mg twice a day

Congestive heart failure:

It is about 25mg to be taken orally once in a day

Use: treatment of class II or III heart failure

Pediatric dose:

Initial dose: it is about 1mg/kg to be taken orally once a day

Maximum dose: it is about 2mg/kg to be taken orally

Metoprolol overdose:

The overdose of metoprolol is fatal, seek medical emergency immediately

Overdose symptoms:

  • Unconsciousness
  • Very drowsy or sleepy
  • Bluish color
  • Stopping of heart

Side effects:

Severity: major

  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Chest pain
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Decreased urine output
  • Dilated neck veins
  • Headache
  • Night blindness

Severity: minor

  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling sad
  • Irritability
  • Nightmares
  • Sneezing
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trouble concentration
  • Sensitivity towards the sun
  • Hair loss
  • Bone pain

Metoprolol: brand names, price list

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