Penicillin: Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

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Penicillin V is an antibiotic which belongs to the penicillin group of drugs. It can fight against the bacteria in our body. It mainly useful to treat several infections caused by bacteria such as pneumonia, gonorrhea and also the infections of the throat, ear, nose, skin and urinary tract etc. it can be used individually or in the combination with other antibiotics such as clarithromycin to treat stomach ulcers due to the helicobacter pylori infection.

Information about Penicillin:

It is not to be used if the patient is allergic to the penicillin V, or any other penicillin-like amoxicillin, carbenicillin, dicloxacillin. Tell your doctor if you have asthma, liver or kidney diseases, and also blood clotting disorders. If you are taking these pills, contraceptive pills will not work effectively.

Penicillin pregnancy:

It can make the contraceptives less effective; tell your doctor about using other birth control methods like condoms, diaphragm, and spermicide.  To prevent pregnancy while using medicines, complete the total course of this medication, if not the symptoms of your infection may increase. If cannot treat the viral infections such as the common cold or flu.

These medicines can cause diarrhea if you have diarrhea immediately stop the amoxicillin. It can be used as the exactly how the doctor has prescribed, directions written on the prescription label should be followed by the patient. It is not to be used in small or large doses and also no longer than prescribed.

Dosage pattern of the Penicillin:

For adults

Bacterial infections:

It is about 125-500mg to be taken orally for every 6-8hrs

Streptococcal infection:

It is about 125-500mg to be taken orally for every 6-8hrs for 10days.

Upper respiratory tract:

It is about 125-500mg to be taken orally for every 6-8hrs for 10days

Anthrax Prophylaxis:

This is about 500mg to be taken orally for every 8hrs; it is a complete 60days course for the pregnant and lactation mothers. It is an anti-microbial therapy of 60days.

Bacillus anthracis:

This is about 500mg to be taken orally for three times a day. However, oral amoxicillin is not considered as a first line drug and the total course time should be completed because if not the symptoms of this may increases.

Urinary tract infection:

This is about 250-500mg to be taken orally for 3 times a day alternatively, 500-875mg to be taken orally twice a day.

Sinusitis:

It is about 250-500mg to be taken 3 times day for 10-14days,alternatively 500-875mg to be taken orally twice a day.

Upper respiratory tract infection:

It is about 250-500mg to be taken 3 times day for 10-14days, alternatively 500-875mg to be taken orally twice a day.

Bronchitis:

It is about 250-500mg to be taken 3 times day for 10-14days, alternatively 500-875mg to be taken orally twice a day.

Pediatric dose:

Endocarditis prophylaxis:

It is about 50mg to be taken orally as a single dose 1hr before the procedure, it is not suitable for the endocarditis prophylaxis for the patient who have heart problems.

Anthrax prophylaxis:

It is about 80mg/kg it is can be divided into three equal doses and administered orally for every 8hrs, maximum dose for one day is about 500mg.

Urinary tract infections:

4weeks-3months:

20-30mg/kg it can be divided and given orally for every 12hrs.

4-12yrs: 20-50mg/kg in a day for every 8-12hr.

Pneumonia:

40-50mg/kg to be taken orally in dived doses for every 8hrs.

Penicillin Side effects:

Severity: major

  • Chest pain
  • Blood in urine
  • Bloody nose
  • Chills increased thirst
  • Clay-colored stools
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark urine
  • Dizziness
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Itching
  • Loss of appetite
  • Back pain
  • burning while urination
  • pale skin
  • irritated eyes

     Severity: minor

  • Unpleasant taste
  • Behavioral changes
  • Convulsions
  • Confusion
  • Insomnia
  • White patches in the mouth

 

Hypersensitivity:

These are common side effects with the in the patients who are with asthma, hay fever.

Dermatological:

These side effects include rashes, drug eruption, erythematous maculopapular rashes etc.

Penicillin V: brand names, price list

 

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