Propranolol: Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

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Propranolol is a beta-blocker that affects the blood circulation in the heart. It is mainly used to treat angina hypertension, heart rhythm disorder, and other circulatory conditions. It is also used to treat heart.

Information about Propranolol:

It is not to be used is the patient who were allergic to it and have serious heart problem, sinus syndrome, slow heart rate, asthma severe circulation problem. This drug can cause fainting. It can be used as the exactly how the doctor has prescribed, directions written on the prescription label should be followed by the patient. It is not to be used in small or large doses and also no longer then prescribed. This drug cannot be given to the Babies who weigh less than 4.5 pounds.

Dosage pattern of Propranolol:

Adult dose

Hypertension:

Immediate release: it is about 40mg to be taken orally 2 times per day in single or divided doses

Sustained release: it is about 80mg to be taken orally per day

XL sustained release: it is about 80mg orally once a day at bed time

Maximum dose: 640mg orally per day

Angina pectoris:

Immediate release: it is about 80-320mg to be taken orally 2 times per day in single or divided doses

Sustained release: it is about 80mg to be taken orally per day

XL sustained release: it is about 80mg orally once a day at bed time

Maximum dose: 320mg per day

Arrhythmias:

Immediate release: it is about 10-30mg orally 3-4times a day before meals at bed time

IV: it is about 1-3mg at a rate not exceeding 1mg/min

Myocardial infarction:

Initial dose: it is about 40mg orally 3times a day for 1 month

Maintenance dose: it is about 180-240mg orally per day once a day in divided doses

Maximum dose: 240mg orally per day

Congestive heart failure:

It is about 25mg to be taken orally once in a day

Use: treatment of class II or III heart failure

Pediatric dose:

Initial dose: it is about 1mg/kg to be taken orally once a day

Maximum dose: it is about 2mg/kg to be taken orally

Propranolol overdose:

The overdose of Propranolol is fatal, seek medical emergency immediately

Overdose symptoms:

  • Tightness in chest
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Body aches
  • Loss of vision
  • Unconsciousness
  • Very drowsy or sleepy
  • Bluish color
  • Stopping of heart

Propranolol Side effects:

Severity: major

  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Chest pain
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Decreased urine output
  • Dilated neck veins
  • Headache
  • Night blindness

Severity: minor

  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling sad
  • Irritability
  • Nightmares
  • Sneezing
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trouble concentration
  • Sensitivity towards sun
  • Hair loss
  • Bone pain

Propranolol: brand names, price list

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