Pulmonary Diseases are the most common conditions in the body. There are some million people are suffering from these diseases. The major cause of these diseases is smoking, various lung infections, in some cases genetics are also responsible for the most of the lung diseases.
The lungs are the complex part of the body, expanding and relaxing for many times in a day. Each day to bring oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.
pulmonary diseases affecting the airways in the lungs:
The major tube in the lungs is trachea of which there are several small tubes attached to it, diseases which affect airways include:
- Asthma: in this, the airways are inflamed causes wheezing, and shortness of breath.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: it is defined by inability to exhale normally, which can cause difficulty in breathing
- Chronic bronchitis:
It is respiratory disease In which the mucous membrane is inflamed. It is two forms acute and chronic.
Acute bronchitis is responsible for a cough and phlegm production, in many cases, the infection is viral but sometimes is bacterial.
If the patient is a smoker, it is very difficult to recover from the symptoms of chronic bronchitis.
Chronic bronchitis is one type of the COPD
The main symptoms include:
The main causes of chronic bronchitis:
It is usually caused by the infection. Repeated attack of the virus can weaken the bronchial airways and can result in chronic bronchitis.
Industrial pollution is an another cause, this infection can found in the people were working in the coal mines, metal handles, grain handlers and the people who are frequently exposed to the dust and fumes. But the main cause of this infection is long-term smoking, which irritates the mucous membrane, and causes to produce more mucus.
It is one of the lung diseases. People with emphysema have difficulty in breathing out. There are many causes for emphysema, but the major cause is smoking.
A genetic condition poor clearance of mucus from the bronchi.
Lung diseases effects air sacs:
- Pulmonary edema: fluid leaks out from the blood vessels of the lungs into air sacs
- Lung cancer
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Lung diseases affecting blood vessels:
Pulmonary embolism: a blot clot travels to the heart and pumped into lungs
Pulmonary hypertension: a condition lead to high blood pressure