Ritalin (methylphenidate): Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

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Ritalin (methylphenidate) is a central nervous system stimulant. It is mainly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and narcolepsy.

Information about Ritalin:

It is not to be taken if the patients have glaucoma Tourette’s syndrome, severe anxiety, tension, agitation. if the patient may be treated methylene blue injection. It is not to be used if the patient had treated with MAO inhibitors like isocarboxazid, rasagiline. Sharing of this medication can cause drug abuse or addiction. Improper used of this medication can cause serious side effects on the heart.

It can be used as the exactly how the doctor has prescribed, directions written on the prescription label should be followed by the patient. It is not to be used in small or large doses and also no longer than prescribed.

Alcohol should be avoided, it can cause the methylphenidate to be release fast. It may impair your thinking , be care full If you drive that require you to be alert.

Dosage pattern of Ritalin:

Dosage should be individualized based on the needs of the patient.

Adult dose

It is about 20-30mg to be taken in divided doses for 2-3 times daily. 30-45min before meals. Some patients may require 40-60mg daily.

Children dose:

It should be initiated in small doses, a daily dosage above 60mg is not recommended.

Tablets: it is about 5-10mg weakly.

It should be periodically discontinued to check the child condition.

Ritalin side effects:

Severity: major

  • Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Skin rash
  • Chest pain
  • Convulsions
  • Muscle cramps
  • Bloody urine
  • Severe redness
  • Depression
  • Confusion
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of coordination
  • Unusual behavior
  • mood swingings

Severity: minor

  • Warm skin
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Nervousness
  • Stuffy nose
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Hair loss
  • Runny nose
  • Nausea
  • Fear
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Excitement

Ritalin: methylphenidate, Ritalin SR, Concerta, Methylin, Methylin ER, Daytrana, metadata CD, metadata CR.

 

 

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