Suboxone (buprenorphine and naloxone): Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

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Suboxone (buprenorphine and naloxone)  buprenorphine is an opioid medication and naloxone block the effects of opioid medication including pain and euphoria (a sense of well-being) opioids can also call narcotics.

Suboxone is mainly used to treat narcotic addiction and also pain medication.

Information about Suboxone:

It can slow or stop your breathing, never use these medicines in large amounts or for longer periods, do not crush or break the extended-release tablets because the stability of it gets lost.

It is a habit forming drug. It can be used as the exactly how the doctor has prescribed, directions written on the prescription label should be followed by the patient. It is not to be used in small or large doses and also no longer than prescribed.  Misuse of narcotic drugs can cause addiction, overdose, or death, especially in the case of children and elderly patients. Do not drink alcohol in the course because it can increase side effects. the overdose this drug can cause serious problems

Dosage pattern of Suboxone:

It is administered sublingually as a single or daily dose

Maintenance:

The recommended target dosage is 16/4mg per day as a single dose

It is progressively increased to 2, 4 mg to the level hold the patient, the maintenance dose of  4/1mg per day depending upon the withdrawal symptoms.

Clinical supervision:

Sublingual tablet of suboxone is subject abuse and diversion.  Consider the patient’s stability, ability to manage the supply of taking-home medication. The physician has to check the aspects like

  • Absence of medication toxicity
  • Behavioral adverse effects
  • Handling of medication

A gradual increase in dose may require in the conditions of analgesia is inadequate or if the pain severity increases. Patients with the renal and hepatic impairment can be started on a lower starting dose.

Suboxone overdose:

The symptoms are life-threatening, seek medical emergency immediately.

Symptoms include:

  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Fever with chills
  • Dizziness
  • Irregular and fast heartbeat
  • Decreased awareness
  • Increased sensitivity
  • Lower back pain
  • No muscle movement
  • Sleepiness
  • Unusual drowsiness

Suboxone withdrawal symptoms:

  • Faintness
  • Cough
  • Insomnia
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Muscle pain
  • Cold sweats
  • Goosebumps

Suboxone side effects:

Severity: major

  • Convulsions
  • Blurred vision
  • Decreased urination
  • Dry mouth
  • Decreased urination
  • chest pain
  • rapid breathing
  • severe stomach pain
  • trouble breathing
  • vomiting
  • unusual tiredness
  • stiff neck
  • mental changes
  • irregular heartbeat

Severity: minor

  • nausea
  • difficulty in muscle movement
  • joint pains
  • difficulty in bowel movement
  • acidic stomach
  • back pain
  • indigestion
  • irritability
  • muscle spasm
  • stomach discomfort
  • being forgetful
  • bleeding
  • changes in speech
  • clumsiness
  • forgetfulness

Suboxone: brand names

  • zubsolv
  • buprenorphine
  • naloxone

 

 

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