Symbicort (budesonide/formoterol): Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

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Symbicort is a combination of budesonide and formoterol. It can prevent release of substance (inflammatory mediators) which is responsible for the inflammation. And it is a potent bronchodilator; the mechanism of action of this is by repolarization (relaxing) of the muscle of the airways to decrease breathing problems such as (asthma).

It is mainly used in asthma, COPD (common obstructive pulmonary disease).

Information about Symbicort:

It increases the death due to asthma; the prescribed amount of Symbicort is taken for its exact therapeutic action without any side effects. And it does not to be used more than the time that doctor prescribes. Usage of steroids for longer periods can lead to bone loss (osteoporosis), mainly in the conditions like smoking, lack of exercise, and fewer vitamins in your body. It can also affect the growth of a child.

Dosing pattern of Symbicort:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): adult dose

 Powder inhalation drug:

Inhale Symbicort (160/4.5 two inhalations a day, between there should be a time interval of 12hrs.high doses can be avoided.

Inhalation through aerosol container:

Two inhalations everyday

Range: two inhalations of about 45mcg-21mcg two times a day based on the patient’s condition and the severity of the disease. The maximum amount of two inhalations is about 160-4.5mcg two times a day.

Asthma

12yrs:

2 inhalation of about (100-50mcg) two times a day, between there should be at least 12hrs of time.

Above 12yrs:

1-time inhalation two times a day, between there should be at least 12hrs of time.

Range: one inhalation (100-50mcg) two times a day. The maximum amount of one inhalation is about (500-50mcg) two times a day. These dose ranges are based on the severity of asthma in a person.

Overdose of Symbicort:

The symptoms of overdose include:

  • Mental depression
  • Skin rash
  • Arm, back pain
  • Deep breathing
  • Sleepiness
  • Restlessness
  • Unable to sleep
  • Seizures
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Vomiting

Symbicort side effects:

 Severity: major

  • Headache
  • Loss of voice
  • Fever with chills
  • Ear congestion
  • Muscle aches
  • Body pains
  • Blurred vision
  • Blindness
  • Black stools
  • Burning and pain in hands and legs
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Eye painting
  • Decreased vision
  • Cough
  • Chills
  • Painful urination
  • Itching and rashes
  • Ulcers in the mouth
  • Sore throat
  • Wheezing
  • Swollen glands

Severity: minor

  • Choking
  • Stomach discomfort
  • Heartburn
  • Swollen joints
  • Body aches
  • Congestion
  • Hoarseness
  • Runny nose
  • Trouble in swallowing
  • Sneezing
  • Voice changes
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Irritation
  • Muscle pain
  • Sleep disorders
  • Stuffy nose
  • White color patches in the mouth

Symbicort (budesonide and formoterol) : brand names

  • Symbicort 100 Turbuhaler
  • Symbicort 200 Turbuhaler

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