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It is a bacterial infection of the skin and skin tissues. It is very superficial skin infection, the main bacteria is responsible for the streptococcus and staphylococcus. Some of the bacteria can also cause the cellulitis is Hemophilus influenza, pneumococcus, and clostridium species.
it is a small area of pain and redness on the skin. The area spreads to the surrounding tissues. The skin involves may warm to the touch. As the affected area enlarged being enlarged, the affected person may develop a fever. Sometimes chills, sweats, tenderness, and swollen lymph glands.
Most of these infections are caused due to the streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria. And most of the common bacteria that cause infection are beta-hemolytic streptococci. Superficial infection is called as erysipelas and it is characterized by spreading bright red area on the skin with short border. This is called flesh-eating bacteria.
This infection can be caused due to many other bacteria. Hemophilus influenza bacteria cause cellulitis, cellulitis can also cause due to the dog or cat bite or scratch may cause Pasteurella multocida bacteria.
It is not contagious because it is an infection of the skin deeper layers and the skin top layer provides a cover on the infection.
Cellulitis Diagnosis and treatment:
Firstly the doctor has to see the inflammation is mainly due to an infection. The physical test can be providing clues of the infection, can sometimes an elevated blood count. The cellulitis generally is treated with the antibiotics.
Doctors sometimes can treat with antibiotics, if the condition cannot be treated, there are other methods dealing this infection.
Antibiotics such as derivatives of penicillin and other types of antibiotics are effective against the infection. If the bacterium develops resistance to antibiotics, choose another antibiotic or the patients who are allergic to the antibiotics.
The doctor has to treat based upon many factors including the locations and the type of bacteria causing the infection. And the patient health status.
It can be prevented by proper hygiene, treating chronic edema, by the microscopic cuts, may be the having the chances of developing the infection. By maintaining the good immune system, this disease can be prevented.