Valium (diazepam): Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

Powered by WP Review(Last Updated On: August 30, 2017)

Valium (diazepam) ia one aamong the group of benzodiazepines, it is mainly used to treat anxiety disorder, alcohol withdrawal symptoms and muscle spasms. In some cases,  it is also used to treat seizures.

Information about Valium:

This medication is not recommended for the patients who are allergic to diazepam and also the patient is suffering from myasthenia gravis, severe liver disorders, severe breathing problems, and sleep disorders. Do not start or stop taking this drug during pregnancy, it can harm to the unborn baby, diazepam may be habit-forming. Misuse can cause addiction, overdose and death.

Dosage pattern of Valium:

For Anxiety:

The minimum dosage is about 2-10mg to be taken orally for 2-4times in a day.

IM or IV: The dosage that is recommended about 2-5mg for one dose may repeat in 3-4hrs, if necessary

For Alcohol withdrawal:

The minimum dosage is about 10mg to be taken orally for 3-4times in a day or may also be taken 5-4 times a day as per the requirement.

IM or IV: The dosage that is recommended about 5-10mg for 1 time. May repeat in 3-4hrs if necessary

For Muscle spasm:

The minimum dosage is about 2-10mg to be taken orally for 2-4times in a day.

IM or IV: The dosage that is recommended about 5-10mg for 1 time in a day. May also be taken in 3-4hrs if necessary.

For Seizures:

The minimum dosage is about 2-10mg to be taken orally for 2-4times in a day.

Rectal gel: it is about 0.2mg/kg in a unit dose

Pediatric doses:

For Seizures:

For 6months old: This medication is not recommended for this age, because it contain benzoic acid.

For 2-5yrs: 0.5mg/kg in a unit dose

For 6-11yrs: 0.3mg/kg in a unit dose

For 12yrs: o.2mg in a unit dose

For Anxiety:

1-12yrs: The minimum dosage of 0.12-0.8mg to be taken orally in divided doses

IM: 0.04-0.3mg for every 2-4hrs as needed.

Valium overdose:

Following symptoms are experienced by the patients if they intake medicine more than the recommended or minimum dosage.

  • Changes in consciousness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Loss of strength
  • Muscle pain
  • Sleepiness

Valium Side effects:

Severity: major

  • Shakiness
  • Unsteady walk
  • Trembling
  • Muscle coordination failed
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Cough
  • Dark urine
  • Discouragement
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Feeling sad or empty

Severity: minor

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Double vision
  • Dry mouth
  • Indigestion
  • Sensation of spinning

Valium (diazepam): brand names, price list

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